Semuliki National Park is located in the far western part of the Uganda near the country’s border with the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). This critical location of the park is said to be the reason why it has such a diverse collection of flora and fauna species. The beautiful Rwenzori Mountains can be observed from the park and the Lake Albert (one of the African Great Lakes) lies north to the park. This park lies within the Albertine Rift and contains the East Africa’s exclusive lowland tropical rain forest. Other than famous birding safaris, Semuliki National Park also offers wildlife safaris that include various types of primates.
Semuliki National Park exhibits more features in flora & fauna similar to the Central African counterparts than the East African ones. The park is seen as an extension of the great Ituri Rain forest which is located in the eastern part of DRC. This rain forest is numbered in the Africa’s most ancient forests and exhibits a unique ecosystem which is said to be at an intersection of various climatic & ecological zones. This special ecosystem which provides Central African traits as well, is home to some of the rarest species of animals and birds. Flora found within this park is mainly intermediate altitude evergreen to semi-deciduous forest that have seasonal leaves-losing trees.
Birdwatching in the Semuliki National Park is a joy as it will introduce you to the astounding 441 bird species many of which are extremely rare and endemic to this special type of ecosystem. In fact, 46 Guinea-Congo biome species found in this area are not seen anywhere else in the entire East African region. Also, 35 species out of these 441 are only sighted in few places within the country. Hence, if you are looking for a birding safari in Uganda, then Semuliki National Park has a lot in store for you. Apart from this, there are 53 different mammals present in the park of which 11 are endemic to this particular area and ecosystem. You can also spot chimpanzee, baboon, mangabey, colobus, potto and other primates in the forest within the park.